How to Manufacture A Tire

  • 01.Compounding and mixing
    Compounding is to bring together all the ingredients required to mix a batch of rubber compound. Each component has a different mix of ingredients according to the properties required for that component. This is the first step to manufacture a tire.
  • 02.Component preparation
    Components consists of three classes based on manufacturing process: calendaring, extrusion, and bead building. This is the stage to prepare fully to manufacture a tire.
  • 03.Tire building
    Tire building is to assemble all the components onto a tire building drum. Tire-building machines can be manually operated or fully automatic. Its operations include the first-stage operation, where inner liner, body plies, and sidewalls are wrapped around the drum, the beads are placed, and the assembly turned up over the bead. In the second stage operation the belt package and tread are applied and the green tire is inflated and shaped.
  • 04.Curing
    Curing is the process of applying pressure to the green tire in a mold to give it its final shape, and applying heat energy to stimulate the chemical reaction between the rubber and other materials. During this process the green tire is automatically transferred onto the lower mold bead seat, a rubber bladder is inserted into the green tire, and the mold closes while the bladder inflates.
  • 05.Final finish
    The tire uniformity measurement is a test where the tire is automatically mounted on wheel halves, inflated, run against a simulated road surface, and measured for force variation. Tire balance measurement is a test where the tire is automatically placed on wheel halves, rotated at a high speed and measured for imbalance. In the final step, tires are inspected by human eyes for numerous visual defects such as incomplete mold fill, exposed cords, blisters and others.
  • 06.Tire testing
    When designing tires of new specification, it is necessary to carry out numerous tire testings to ensure the tire can meet the requirements.

Tire Selection & Maintenance

The vehicles depend on tires to drive on the road, and tread pattern contacts with the road surface directly. The friction generated between the pattern block and road surface can make the cars drive, stop and steer. Different tread patterns have different functions.
There are many kinds of tread patterns, including the common pattern, the cross-country pattern and the mixed pattern and others.

How to take care of your tire?
  • Check your air pressure – smooth, even driving starts with your tires.
    NOTE: Tires should be inflated when cool to the vehicle manufacturer's recommendations printed on the vehicle door placard or in your vehicle owner's manual, NOT the maximum limit stamped on a tire sidewall. 
  • Replacing a clogged air filter can improve gas mileage by as much as 10%, saving about 15 cents per gallon. 
  • Worn or dirty spark plugs can cause misfiring, which wastes fuel - replacing these per your vehicle owner's manual can lead to a better performing vehicle.
  • Vehicle gas caps that are damaged, loose, or missing altogether waste gas. According to the Car Care Council, about 17% of vehicles on the road have gas cap problems, causing 147 million gallons of gas to vaporize every year. How
How to buy a tire?
  • Look for tires that excel in tests for braking, handling, and resistance to hydroplaning.
  • Let tread wear, ride comfort, noise, and rolling resistance help narrow your choices. (Comparative treadlife tests demonstrate that a manufacturer's warranty doesn't always reflect how a tire will wear, but used as an estimate, it's an important piece of information).
  • Choosing a vehicle tire depends on where you live, weather and terrain issues, what performance expectations you have, and what your vehicle requires.

Tire and Safety

How to keep your tire safe?